About

This is the first edition of the Nanny State Index, a league table of the worst places in the European Union to eat, drink, smoke and vape. The Nanny State Index is an initiative from the European Policy Information Center (EPICENTER).

Enquiries: info@epicenternetwork.eu


Categories


About the Editor

Christopher Snowdon is the head of Lifestyle Economics at the Institute of Economic Affairs. His research focuses on lifestyle freedoms, prohibition and policy-based evidence. He is a regular contributor to the Spectator Health blog and often appears on TV and radio discussing social and economic issues.

Snowdon’s work encompasses a diverse range of topics including ‘sin taxes’, state funding of charities, happiness economics, ‘public health’ regulation, gambling and the black market. Recent publications include ‘Drinking, Fast and Slow’, ‘The Proof of the Pudding: Denmark’s Fat Tax Fiasco’, ‘The Crack Cocaine of Gambling?’, ‘The Wages of Sin Taxes’, ‘Drinking in the Shadow Economy’, ‘Sock Puppets: How the government lobbies itself and why’ and ‘Closing Time: Who’s killing the British pub?’. He is also the author of ‘Selfishness, Greed and Capitalism’ (2015), ‘The Art of Suppression’ (2011), ‘The Spirit Level Delusion’ (2010) and ‘Velvet Glove, Iron Fist’ (2009).


Tobacco

least free
less free
freer
freest
Country Tax (30) Advertising (10) Warnings (5) Display ban (10) Smoking ban (30) Vending machine ban (10) Snus prohibition (5) TOTAL (100) WEIGHTED (16.7)
UK 30 10 4 10 21 10 5 90 15
Ireland 23 10 5 10 18 0 5 71 11.8
Greece 17 9 0 8 17 10 5 66 11
Finland 12 10 1 10 16 10 5 64 10.7
France 20 9 4 0 16 10 5 64 10.7
Croatia 14 10 0 10 12 10 5 61 10.2
Hungary 14 9 4 0 19 10 5 61 10.2
Latvia 14 10 4 0 17 10 5 60 10
Bulgaria 18 7 0 0 19 10 5 59 9.8
Cyprus 15 9 1 0 16 10 5 56 9.3
Romania 17 9 4 0 9 10 5 54 9
Poland 14 9 0 0 14 10 5 52 8.7
Spain 15 9 4 0 19 0 5 52 8.7
Lithuania 11 9 0 0 14 10 5 50.6 8.4
Slovenia 13 9 0 0 13 10 5 50 8.3
Belgium 14 9 5 0 16 0 5 49 8.2
Malta 11 10 5 0 18 0 5 49 8.2
Estonia 14 9 0 0 9 10 5 47 7.7
Slovakia 12 9 0 0 9 10 5 45 7.5
Italy 14 9 0 0 16 0 5 44 7.3
Denmark 13 9 4 0 10 0 5 41 6.8
Netherlands 14 9 0 0 13 0 5 41 6.8
Portugal 16 9 0 0 9 0 5 39 6.5
Sweden 14 9 0 0 13 0 0 36 6
Austria 10 9 0 0 9 0 5 33 5.5
Germany 12 6 0 0 9 0 5 32 5.3
Luxembourg 5 9 1 0 12 0 5 32 5.3
Czech Republic 10 9 0 0 3 0 5 27 4.5

Tobacco Taxation

least free
less free
freer
freest
Country Excise per pack (€) PPP GDP Divide by PPS x 100 % of highest WEIGHTED (30)
UK 6.45 108 5.97 100 30
Ireland 5.94 132 4.5 75 23
France 4.32 107 4.04 68 20
Bulgaria 1.59 45 3.53 59 18
Greece 2.38 72 3.31 55 17
Romania 1.87 54 3.46 58 17
Portugal 2.47 78 3.17 53 16
Spain 2.71 93 2.91 49 15
Cyprus 2.51 85 2.95 49 15
Netherlands 3.63 130 2.79 47 14
Sweden 3.38 124 2.73 46 14
Belgium 3.17 119 2.66 45 14
Italy 2.65 97 2.73 46 14
Poland 1.96 68 2.88 48 14
Estonia 1.95 73 2.67 45 14
Hungary 1.86 68 2.74 46 14
Latvia 1.78 64 2.78 47 14
Croatia 1.7 59 2.88 48 14
Denmark 3.23 124 2.6 44 13
Slovenia 2.12 83 2.55 43 13
Germany 3.04 124 2.45 41 12
Finland 2.71 110 2.46 41 12
Slovakia 1.88 76 2.47 41 12
Malta 1.78 85 2.09 35 11
Lithuania 1.61 74 2.18 37 11
Austria 2.63 128 2.05 34 10
Czech Republic 1.69 84 2.01 34 10
Luxembourg 2.4 263 0.91 15 5

Tobacco Smoking Bans

least free
less free
freer
freest
Country Bar Restaurant Workplace Car Outdoors TOTAL WEIGHTED (30)
UK 10 10 10 3 2 35 21
Bulgaria 10 10 10 0 2 32 19
Hungary 10 10 10 0 2 32 19
Spain 10 10 10 0 2 32 19
Ireland 10 10 10 0 0 30 18
Malta 10 10 10 0 0 30 18
Greece 8 10 10 1 0 29 17
Latvia 10 10 8 0 0 28 17
Belgium 8 8 8 0 2 26 16
Cyprus 10 10 5 2 0 27 16
Finland 8 8 8 0 2 26 16
France 8 8 8 0 2 26 16
Italy 8 8 8 2 1 27 16
Lithuania 8 10 5 2 1 26 15.6
Poland 8 8 8 0 0 24 14
Netherlands 7 7 7 0 0 21 13
Slovenia 7 7 7 0 0 21 13
Sweden 7 7 7 0 0 21 13
Croatia 5 10 5 0 0 20 12
Luxembourg 6 7 7 0 0 20 12
Denmark 5 5 5 0 1 16 10
Austria 5 5 5 0 0 15 9
Estonia 5 5 5 0 0 15 9
Germany 5 5 5 0 0 15 9
Portugal 5 5 5 0 0 15 9
Romania 5 5 5 0 0 15 9
Slovakia 5 5 5 0 0 15 9
Czech Republic 0 0 5 0 0 5 3

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Criteria

The tobacco category includes taxation (30%), advertising (10%), smoking ban (30%) and other (30%).

Taxation. Calculated in a similar way to alcohol taxation (see above). Tax rates are taken from the European Commission and adjusted for purchasing power. The highest taxing country scores 100. Other countries are scored as a percentage of the highest tax.

Advertising. Scored out of 10. A total ban scores 10 points, a total ban except at point of sale scores 9 points. If other advertising is permitted, a lower score is awarded.

Smoking ban. Divided into five subcategories, each scoring up to 10 points. These are: bar, restaurant, workplace, cars and outdoors. Points are awarded according to the size and scope of the ban.

Other. Divided into five subcategories: graphic warnings (8 points), size of warning (up to 2 points), retail display ban (10 points), oral tobacco (‘snus’) prohibition (5 points) and vending machine ban (10 points). EU law currently mandates that health warnings cover 35% of a cigarette pack. Countries which mandate larger warnings of up to 40% score 1 point, those which mandate warnings larger than 40% score 2 points.